Cinema and smartphone in the same sentence?
These days, smartphone cameras can capture beautiful video. With a few pieces of additional gear, cinema is literally at your fingertips.
Beginner filmmakers - it’s never been easier to get started!
Read on for 10 steps for shooting cinematic smartphone footage:
Thanks to the guys at Full Time Filmmaker for the top tips!
Most of the top smartphones out there are going to deliver comparable results.
BUT, great quality video requires more than just a camera.
First, get yourself a good stabilizer/gimbal to up the cinema in your shots.
Many filmmakers sing high praises for dji’s Osmo line. At a great price point, these popular gimbals are ready in a few clicks, which is super helpful for spontaneous shoots.
While you’re at it, also consider buying a tripod, a portable battery charger, and an external microphone.
You can usually find all of this gear for under $100!
Next, download a manual camera app.
Some native camera apps allow for basic adjustments like exposure, frames per second, and video quality.
But a manual app will give you consistency and control over your smartphone’s lenses. Moment and Filmic Pro are two filmmaker favorites.
Third, invest in an ND filter. An ND filter will add that cinematic blur to your movements. How?
Neutral Density (ND) filters even out the amount of light entering your camera, making your subject's movements appear smooth.
Now that you’ve downloaded a manual camera app, set your resolution to 4k.
Higher resolution = higher quality video.
Then, set your frame rate to 24 frames per second (fps).
Hollywood, for example, typically uses 24 fps because it’s most similar to how we see real life! So, keep your frame rate at 24 when shooting in real time.
Other settings you can choose and set in a manual camera app include white balance, ISO, and color grading.
Tip - use natural color settings (no filters) in order to be able to get the most out of your colors in post!
Your smartphone’s auto exposure is usually a little off.
Here’s a tip - before pressing record, look for any overexposed parts of your shot and direct your exposure tool to that part of the screen to balance things out. This way, you’ll avoid blown out or white patches in your shot.
Remember to lock that exposure so it doesn't auto adjust in the middle of your take!
For the most part, your phone’s native focus will get the job done. But remember to lock your focus when moving with your subject.
You can achieve great cinematography with almost any camera… provided you have ideal lighting conditions.
What are ideal lighting conditions?
If you have to shoot at night, be sure to bring your own light. Check out this one light setup.
Having a stabilizer/gimbal does not mean that your shots will automatically look cinematic!
Practice holding your phone on a gimbal, practice walking with it, and test out your movements before you shoot your shot.
Most smartphones have at least two lenses - a standard wide lens and an ultra wide lens. You may also have a telephoto lens (65 mm +).
However, keep in mind that the best lens on your phone is likely to be the standard wide lens. Why? Most smartphone users are using the standard lens, so, any additional lenses are likely to be of lesser quality.
Consider this if you plan on using your smartphone’s non-standard lenses.
If you’re eager to branch out into different focal lengths (ultra wide, telephoto, or 50 mm), buy an attachable lens and attach it to your phone’s standard lens! That will help you get the best possible quality out of the attached lens.
Fill the frame by using the foreground, the rule of thirds, and leading lines!
Look for literal lines (in architecture for example) or patterns that guide your viewers’ focus where you want it to go.
And instead of zooming in, physically move as close as possible to your subject.
Remember, your shots are the pieces of the story, but you’ll be organizing the story in the editing room.
So, plan the emotion of your story!
Shoot with that vision in mind, and give each shot a purpose.
What types of shots do you need in order for your story to make sense?
Audio is half of the viewing experience!
Most smartphone mics have good enough tech to capture decent sound. However, for interviews and dialogue, you should definitely use an external audio recorder.
Remember to get as close as possible to the source of your sound!