It’s often said that film producers thrive in chaos.
While that is certainly true for some producers, the best producers are actually the ones who make the chaos disappear.
If not totally, at least for everyone around them!
Producing a documentary is all about preparing for the unexpected.
If you’re about to start filming your documentary or someone else’s, there are ways you can prepare that will make your job as the producer easier.
Here are 12 tips for a seamless documentary production.
A seamless shoot all starts with your production crew.
These are the people you'll be working with day in and day out - so, spend some time deciding who you want on your team and why.
Are you producing a full-time shoot over 6 months or a part-time production on the weekends?
TIP! You'll need to know your production timeline when approaching filmmakers to work on your project.
There are many ways to go about finding and hiring crew members.
In most cases, you'll be looking to hire between 3 and 10 crew members.
The quality of the contracts you write will determine your clarity of mind when working with others.
Get all crew responsibilities in writing and have your collaborators sign a contract agreeing to their participation in the shoot - BEFORE you start filming. This applies for paid and unpaid work! A simple contract will help protect ownership of the project should a rights problem arise in the future.
Check out our Legal Forms Multi-Pack which includes a Crew Deal Memo template.
This is probably the most important step of pre-production. Remember that you are the director’s right hand…and sometimes their left hand, too!
Your director will be absorbed in conducting interviews, finding the story, and getting the shots they want. So, before you go out to film, do take the time to talk with your director about what exactly they are going for - in terms of story, style, approach, etc.
In the below video, Emmy and Peabody award-winning documentary filmmaker Laurens Grant describes in a nutshell the relationship between director and producer:
"The director is responsible for the creative vision. But the producer is responsible for executing the vision."
Watch this great roundtable from the Producers Guild of America to get a better idea of the role of a producer:
Triple check your location permissions in the days prior to your shoot.
Are you shooting on private property? Will you film the faces of passersby? Confirm the locations you plan on filming and ask permission in advance.
First-time producers might think they need to impress with expensive cameras and gear.
But the reality is, renting (or buying) a lot of equipment could max out your budget.
Talk with your director (see Tip #3) to figure out what kind of gear you need for the kind of film you are making.
And remember - never pack up your gear before running a few tests.
Days ahead of your shoot, film something using the setup or rig you plan to use on the shoot. Then, download that material onto your computer to make sure it recorded correctly. Also check lenses, adapters, and lights.
In addition to checking video and sound, make a detailed list of all the gear you will bring along the shoot. This includes tripods, tape, lights, EVERYTHING!
Check that you have each item before and after each new location, even if you don't use everything.
Filmmakers interested in using an entry-level Cine camera should check out the above video for additional help building their gear list!
It's helpful to outline a production schedule for each day of the shoot. This can be a simple spreadsheet including the approximate hour of filming, the location, crew members, gear, and shot list.
An accurate production schedule will be required for Tips #7 and #8!
Running out of money is one way to create suspense in your documentary.
That's the last thing you want to see happen during your production.
And as the producer, it's on YOU to make sure it doesn't.
With all the documentary expenses such as gear costs, crew pay, food, travel and board, you might be feeling the pinch before you even outline your production schedule.
This is all the more reason to have funding lined up before you start filming.
It may take you some time to figure out your film's funding, so get a head start with the following free resources:
Most documentary filmmakers take out a short-term insurance policy against General Liability.
This type of insurance, typically ranging in cost between $500 and $1,000, covers your production in the case of injury to people or property while filming. It happens!
If you are renting equipment, be prepared to pay insurance on top of your day rate (many rental houses offer in-house insurance that you can tack onto your bill).
Lastly, it goes without saying that film producers must keep their eyes and ears open at all times. Be aware of any funny business, dangerous environments, or inappropriate situations. Speak up if anything seems off.
Take a look at the below video for an overview of general liability production insurance in the United States:
Bring along a small notebook or your Notes app and jot down information such as names, times of day and key contacts… even bits and pieces from interviews or your observations throughout the shoot.
This information will be extremely helpful after you’ve finished filming and you have to piece together hours of interviews and b-roll.
Keep a detailed log of all of the money coming in and out - before, during, and after production. This is very important for staying on budget and avoiding confusion over who paid what and when.
Don't forget to snap Behind the Scenes (BTS) photos throughout your documentary shoot.
You will need them for the following:
Making a film is tiring. Keep your crew members happy, fed, informed and supported throughout the shoot so everyone can focus on doing a great job and making a good documentary.
If you treat your collaborators with respect and appreciation, they'll be more willing to see your film to the end!